(Sources: various websites on the Internet)
In the late 1800s, an American physician came up with the idea of pulverizing peanuts in a hand-cranked meat grinder to make a nutritious paste for patients who could not chew. In 1904 peanut paste sold for 6 cents a pound, taking America by storm. Since then generations of homemakers have found new uses for their food- and meat grinders - from chopping nuts, fruits and vegetables, to making breadcrumbs. Meat grinders with fine blades can even cut fresh lettuce, or process table foods into baby foods. Karl Drais is credited with inventing the meat grinder. Born in Germany in 1785, Drais was an avid and unpopular revolutionist whose involvement in politics often interfered with how his inventions of the 19th century were accepted by the public.
In Sweden, Husqvarna is one of the most common brands producing meat grinders. Over 12 million grinders where manufactured, since the release by the end of 1890, of which about 10 million were exported. In many countries, especially in South America, corn was grinded in the villages using Husqvarna grinders. The design of the Husqvarna grinders was timeless from day 1 and the appearance didn’t change very much over the years, until production was stopped in 1971.
In America, the Universal food grinder was a revolutionizing kitchen product, introduced by Landers, Frary and Clark in the late 1890s.
Coffee is the lifeblood of many in the morning, and grinding your own coffee beans has become quite the trend. The grinders of today are of course far more efficient, but let’s not forget what a big part these classic coffee grinder have played in this evolution. By the mid-1800s, various coffee grinders were seen in almost every home in Europe and America. Most of the coffee grinders had a grinding handle on the top of a box that was set inside a bowl shaped holder of roasted coffee beans. The bottom of the box had a drawer that held the coffee beans after being ground. Some grinders were elaborately made and decorated. The first U.S. patent for a coffee grinder was issued to Thomas Bruff of Maryland. His wall-mounted device ground beans between metal nuts with coarse and fine teeth.
The blowlamp is ancient in origin as a tool of gold and silversmiths. They began as a literal 'blown lamp', a wick oil lamp with a mouth-blown tube alongside the flame. This type of lamp, with a spirit fuel, continued into use for such small tasks into the late 20th century.
In 1882, a new vaporizing technique was developed by C. R. Nyberg in Sweden. In 1886 Nyberg met Max Sievert at a country fair in 1886. Sievert became interested in Nyberg's improved blowtorch and started selling it. Max Sieverts Lödlampfabrik, became one of the largest industries in Sweden, located in Sundbyberg. The Nyberg blow lamp was quickly copied or licensed by many other manufacturers worldwide.
In the USA, the blowlamp was independently developed with a distinctive flared base and was fuelled by gasoline, whereas the European versions used kerosene for safety and lower cost. After the Korean War in the 1950s, propane caused many changes in the blowlamp industry worldwide and by the 1970s most manufacturers of the old type of blowlamp, using gasoline or kerosene as fuel, had disappeared.
Barn hay carrier played an important role in the success of the Midwest farm. It rolls on a track at the very top of the barn and made the filling of large barns with hay and bedding a manageable task.
The barn hay carrier, also called a trolley, needed to be a very reliable device due to its location. The peak of the barn juts out, extending the track, so the lift pulley drops down outside the barn. Under the peak, a large barn door was needed as it limited the amount of hay carried each load. A "trip block" is bolted to the track, under the peak, which locks the carrier position and releases the lift pulley to drop down to the hayrack, which is a hay wagon with a flat bed and a upright back. A loaded hayrack is parked next to the barn where it can be unloaded and the hay moved into the "mow", the second floor of the barn. A large pull rope is attached to a horse or tractor, typically 1 inch diameter, which can lift 7000 pounds, threads through several pulleys, to the top of the barn, and to the carrier and lift pulley. Hanging from the lift pulley is a hay fork or a sling, which has a trip rope attached to release the hay and to pull the carrier back out to the peak for the next load. William Louden, of Fairfield, Iowa, invented the barn hay carrier and the patent was dated September 24, 1867. He started Louden Machinery Co., to supply farmers, with labor saving equipment, and by 1925 had sold "millions" of carriers.
The post horn is a valve less, cylindrical brass or copper instrument with cupped mouthpiece, used to signal the arrival or departure of a post rider or mail coach. It was used especially by postilions of the 18th and 19th centuries. Mail coaches had tight schedules and travelled at high speed, given priority of way in most countries. Other road users were required to clear completely out of the way. The Post Horn also acted as a modern day siren, the sound travelling some distance ahead and giving warning of a fast approaching mail coach before it could be seen.
The instrument commonly had a circular or coiled shape with three turns of the tubing, though sometimes it was straight. The cornet was developed from the post horn by adding valves.
Mozart, Mahler, and others incorporated the instrument into their orchestras for certain pieces. On such occasions, the orchestra's horn player usually plays the instrument. One example of post horn use in modern classical music is the famous off-stage solo in Mahler's Third Symphony. Due to the scarcity of this instrument, however, music written for it is usually played on a trumpet or flugelhorn.